Law Fish News for 07-31-2018

5 famous copyright infringement cases

Read through some of these famous court cases that have created major public discourse over copyright – how it’s handled, what it means, and why we should all care. Can you build upon another’s work to create your own original piece? And if you do so, does that constitute derivative work? Are you creating a derivative work that subtracts value from the original artist? In January 2009, the photograph on which Fairey allegedly based the design was revealed by the Associated Press as one shot by AP freelancer Mannie Garcia – with the AP demanding compensation for its use in Fairey’s work. Fairey responded with the defense of fair use, claiming his work didn’t reduce the value of the original photograph. Though there wasn’t a court case and an actual verdict, this case created a lot of discourse around the value of work in these copyright battles. Credit, credit, credit! On 99designs you cannot use licensed work – but in the right circumstances you can use stock imagery. Richard Prince is a well known appropriation artist – one who transforms the work of others to create new meaning in his own work. Don’t be a designer who creates work too close to that of another. Not two weeks after this article was published, the original decision in this case was overturned and the judge ruled in favor of Prince for the majority of the works in dispute, claiming that Prince’s work transformed the work in the way that it was aesthetically different, and thus acceptable under the argument of fair use.

Keywords: [“work”,”case”,”photograph”]
Source: https://99designs.com/blog/tips/5-famous-copyright-infringement-cases

5 famous copyright infringement cases

Read through some of these famous court cases that have created major public discourse over copyright – how it’s handled, what it means, and why we should all care. Can you build upon another’s work to create your own original piece? And if you do so, does that constitute derivative work? Are you creating a derivative work that subtracts value from the original artist? In January 2009, the photograph on which Fairey allegedly based the design was revealed by the Associated Press as one shot by AP freelancer Mannie Garcia – with the AP demanding compensation for its use in Fairey’s work. Fairey responded with the defense of fair use, claiming his work didn’t reduce the value of the original photograph. Though there wasn’t a court case and an actual verdict, this case created a lot of discourse around the value of work in these copyright battles. Credit, credit, credit! On 99designs you cannot use licensed work – but in the right circumstances you can use stock imagery. Richard Prince is a well known appropriation artist – one who transforms the work of others to create new meaning in his own work. Don’t be a designer who creates work too close to that of another. Not two weeks after this article was published, the original decision in this case was overturned and the judge ruled in favor of Prince for the majority of the works in dispute, claiming that Prince’s work transformed the work in the way that it was aesthetically different, and thus acceptable under the argument of fair use.

Keywords: [“work”,”case”,”photograph”]
Source: https://99designs.com/blog/tips/5-famous-copyright-infringement-cases

Cruel And Unusual Punishment

Around 2,570 are sentenced to juvenile life without parole. In 2005, the Supreme Court ruled in Roper V. Simmons that sentencing juveniles to death was cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment. In 2010, the ACLU and its Michigan affiliate sued on behalf of nine Michigan inmates sentenced to life without parole while minors. On May 17, 2010, the Supreme Court ruled in Graham v. Florida that juvenile offenders can’t be sentenced to life without parole for non-homicide offenses committed before age 18. “Life in prison without the possibility of parole give no chance for fulfillment outside prison walls, no chance for reconciliation with society, no hope.” Israel, South Africa and Tanzania once sentenced children to life without parole. In November 2011, the Supreme Court agreed to hear two cases involving 14-year old juveniles sentenced to life without parole for homicide. On October 14, 2011, the High Court upheld the Florida Court of Appeal’s decision that juveniles convicted of attempted murder cannot receive life without parole. “Every child, without exception whatsoever, shall be entitled to rights, without distinction or discrimination on account of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, whether of himself or of his family.” In 2006, the UN Human Rights Committee said sentencing children to life without parole violates ICCPR provisions.

Keywords: [“without”,”juvenile”,”parole”]
Source: http://rense.com/general95/cruel.html

Cruel And Unusual Punishment

Around 2,570 are sentenced to juvenile life without parole. In 2005, the Supreme Court ruled in Roper V. Simmons that sentencing juveniles to death was cruel and unusual punishment under the Eighth Amendment. In 2010, the ACLU and its Michigan affiliate sued on behalf of nine Michigan inmates sentenced to life without parole while minors. On May 17, 2010, the Supreme Court ruled in Graham v. Florida that juvenile offenders can’t be sentenced to life without parole for non-homicide offenses committed before age 18. “Life in prison without the possibility of parole give no chance for fulfillment outside prison walls, no chance for reconciliation with society, no hope.” Israel, South Africa and Tanzania once sentenced children to life without parole. In November 2011, the Supreme Court agreed to hear two cases involving 14-year old juveniles sentenced to life without parole for homicide. On October 14, 2011, the High Court upheld the Florida Court of Appeal’s decision that juveniles convicted of attempted murder cannot receive life without parole. “Every child, without exception whatsoever, shall be entitled to rights, without distinction or discrimination on account of race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, whether of himself or of his family.” In 2006, the UN Human Rights Committee said sentencing children to life without parole violates ICCPR provisions.

Keywords: [“without”,”juvenile”,”parole”]
Source: http://rense.com/general95/cruel.html

Law Fish News for 07-30-2018

austrian law

The Supreme Court is the final court of appeal for civil and criminal proceedings. The Administrative Court deals with cases of alleged legal offences in connection with decisions taken by the administrative authorities. The Constitutional Court deals with proprietary claims lodged against the federal, state, regional or municipal authorities when these claims cannot be dealt with by normal legal channels nor by an administrative authority. Courts of law and administrative authorities the Administrative Court and any other court of law, notably between the Administrative Court and the Constitutional Court itself, or between the regular courts of law and other courts between the federal states, and between a federal state and the federal authorities. At the instigation of the Federal Government or a State Government, the Constitutional Court also reaches a finding on whether a legislative or executive act falls within the purview of the federal or the state authorities. The Austrian Stock CorporationThe stock corporation is one of the most important corporate forms in Austria. Numerous international undertakings, in particular also Austrian and German companies use English as group language in order to ensure a uniform communication throughout the entire group of companies. This book presents a broad range of aspects of Austrian law and legal culture for the purpose of comparison with other legal systems. In its third, thoroughly revised and updated edition it treats a lot of relevant topics.

Keywords: [“Court”,”federal”,”authority”]
Source: http://www.rechtsfreund.at/law-austria.htm

austrian law

The Supreme Court is the final court of appeal for civil and criminal proceedings. The Administrative Court deals with cases of alleged legal offences in connection with decisions taken by the administrative authorities. The Constitutional Court deals with proprietary claims lodged against the federal, state, regional or municipal authorities when these claims cannot be dealt with by normal legal channels nor by an administrative authority. Courts of law and administrative authorities the Administrative Court and any other court of law, notably between the Administrative Court and the Constitutional Court itself, or between the regular courts of law and other courts between the federal states, and between a federal state and the federal authorities. At the instigation of the Federal Government or a State Government, the Constitutional Court also reaches a finding on whether a legislative or executive act falls within the purview of the federal or the state authorities. The Austrian Stock CorporationThe stock corporation is one of the most important corporate forms in Austria. Numerous international undertakings, in particular also Austrian and German companies use English as group language in order to ensure a uniform communication throughout the entire group of companies. This book presents a broad range of aspects of Austrian law and legal culture for the purpose of comparison with other legal systems. In its third, thoroughly revised and updated edition it treats a lot of relevant topics.

Keywords: [“Court”,”federal”,”authority”]
Source: http://www.rechtsfreund.at/law-austria.htm

8th Amendment Court Cases

Each of the following 8th Amendment Court Cases is an important case in the Supreme Court’s history of rulings regarding the 8th Amendment to the United States Constitution. In an important 8th Amendment court case from 1879, called Wilkerson v. Utah, the United States Supreme Court. In its opinion, the Court said that such a serious punishment for such a minor crime was cruel and unusual and in violation of the 8th Amendment. The creation of the “Principle of proportionality” made this one of the most important 8th Amendment court cases. Trop v. Dulles, 1958, was one of the most important 8th Amendment court cases because it set a precedent for how the Court would determine which crimes were cruel and unusual and which ones were not. The Supreme Court said that such a punishment for what was “Apparently an illness” violated the Cruel and Unusual Punishments Clause of the 8th Amendment. Furman v. Georgia, 1972, was a landmark 8th Amendment court case that seriously changed the way the death penalty was enforced in the United States. The Supreme Court had essentially barred the death penalty with its 1972 8th Amendment court case, Furman v. Georgia. In this 8th Amendment court case, the Louisiana Supreme Court upheld a Louisiana law that sentenced child rapists to execution. In Roper v. Simmons, 2005, the Supreme Court made one of its most important 8th Amendment court case rulings, agreeing with Simmons and the death penalty was overturned.

Keywords: [“Court”,”state”,”punishment”]
Source: http://www.revolutionary-war-and-beyond.com/8th-amendment-court-cases.html

8th Amendment Court Cases

Each of the following 8th Amendment Court Cases is an important case in the Supreme Court’s history of rulings regarding the 8th Amendment to the United States Constitution. In an important 8th Amendment court case from 1879, called Wilkerson v. Utah, the United States Supreme Court. In its opinion, the Court said that such a serious punishment for such a minor crime was cruel and unusual and in violation of the 8th Amendment. The creation of the “Principle of proportionality” made this one of the most important 8th Amendment court cases. Trop v. Dulles, 1958, was one of the most important 8th Amendment court cases because it set a precedent for how the Court would determine which crimes were cruel and unusual and which ones were not. The Supreme Court said that such a punishment for what was “Apparently an illness” violated the Cruel and Unusual Punishments Clause of the 8th Amendment. Furman v. Georgia, 1972, was a landmark 8th Amendment court case that seriously changed the way the death penalty was enforced in the United States. The Supreme Court had essentially barred the death penalty with its 1972 8th Amendment court case, Furman v. Georgia. In this 8th Amendment court case, the Louisiana Supreme Court upheld a Louisiana law that sentenced child rapists to execution. In Roper v. Simmons, 2005, the Supreme Court made one of its most important 8th Amendment court case rulings, agreeing with Simmons and the death penalty was overturned.

Keywords: [“Court”,”state”,”punishment”]
Source: http://www.revolutionary-war-and-beyond.com/8th-amendment-court-cases.html

Law Fish News for 07-29-2018

The Privacy Tort of False Light Explained By An Internet Lawyer In Plain English

Many states have False Light invasion of privacy laws on the books. The legal concept is known as “False Light.” And as we collectively continue to travel down this Internet-obsessed road we’re on, expect to see more false light lawsuits hitting the courts. False light is a privacy tort often confused with defamation. The published material would be considered “Highly offensive or embarrassing” to a “Reasonable person.” The Difference Between False Light and Defamation. As stated previously, false light and defamation are very similar. The main difference is that false light statues address damage to one’s dignity, whereas defamation is more about one’s reputation. For a person to be lose a false light lawsuit, the plaintiff must prove the defendant acted in “Reckless disregard,” however, a false light plaintiff does not have to show evidence of actual harm, unlike in defamation cases. Sine the photo was a true representation of Barton’s pig act, defamation charges could not be brought, but she was awarded a false light ruling since the “Essence” of the piece made the act seem sexually deviant. Zeron did not end up winning the false light case, as he failed to prove that the station had acted with a “High degree of awareness to the claims falsity.” Do you feel someone has maliciously used your name or likeness in a “Highly embarrassing” manner – either online or off? If so and you’d like to consult with a lawyer well-versed in false light litigation, contact Aaron Kelly.

Keywords: [“Light”,”False”,”defamation”]
Source: http://www.aaronkellylaw.com/false-light-explained

The Privacy Tort of False Light Explained By An Internet Lawyer In Plain English

Many states have False Light invasion of privacy laws on the books. The legal concept is known as “False Light.” And as we collectively continue to travel down this Internet-obsessed road we’re on, expect to see more false light lawsuits hitting the courts. False light is a privacy tort often confused with defamation. The published material would be considered “Highly offensive or embarrassing” to a “Reasonable person.” The Difference Between False Light and Defamation. As stated previously, false light and defamation are very similar. The main difference is that false light statues address damage to one’s dignity, whereas defamation is more about one’s reputation. For a person to be lose a false light lawsuit, the plaintiff must prove the defendant acted in “Reckless disregard,” however, a false light plaintiff does not have to show evidence of actual harm, unlike in defamation cases. Sine the photo was a true representation of Barton’s pig act, defamation charges could not be brought, but she was awarded a false light ruling since the “Essence” of the piece made the act seem sexually deviant. Zeron did not end up winning the false light case, as he failed to prove that the station had acted with a “High degree of awareness to the claims falsity.” Do you feel someone has maliciously used your name or likeness in a “Highly embarrassing” manner – either online or off? If so and you’d like to consult with a lawyer well-versed in false light litigation, contact Aaron Kelly.

Keywords: [“Light”,”False”,”defamation”]
Source: http://www.aaronkellylaw.com/false-light-explained

Wikipedia:Unusual articles

Metta World Peace An NBA player who wants to promote World Peace. Pigeon photography Pigeons were used by the Germans for aerial surveillance in World War I, and apparently also in World War II. Not to forget the CIA’s own pigeon camera. The Aristocrats A joke considered to be both “The world’s funniest” and “The world’s worst”. Largest photographs in the world Includes information on print and digital photos that are reputedly the world’s largest. Australia 31-0 American Samoa The most lopsided “Fair” match in association football history since World War I. Australian Football International Cup The “World Cup” of Australian rules football…in which Australia does not participate. Global Orgasm Make love, not war… all over the world! Kaspar Hauser A German youth who claimed to have grown up in the total isolation of a darkened cell, and was once thought to be linked to the princely House of Baden. Adrian Carton de Wiart Fought in two World Wars, shot repeatedly, survived a plane crash, escaped a POW camp, married a countess, and amputated his own fingers when his doctor refused. Jack Churchill A British soldier who fought through World War II armed with a bow and arrows and a claymore. Hiroo Onoda A Japanese soldier who hid out in the Philippines during World War II, refusing to surrender until 1974. Battle of Tanga A World War I battle where 8,000 British troops were defeated by a German-led force of 1,100 Askaris – aided by swarms of angry bees.

Keywords: [“world”,”people”,”list”]
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Unusual_articles

Wikipedia:Unusual articles

Metta World Peace An NBA player who wants to promote World Peace. Pigeon photography Pigeons were used by the Germans for aerial surveillance in World War I, and apparently also in World War II. Not to forget the CIA’s own pigeon camera. The Aristocrats A joke considered to be both “The world’s funniest” and “The world’s worst”. Largest photographs in the world Includes information on print and digital photos that are reputedly the world’s largest. Australia 31-0 American Samoa The most lopsided “Fair” match in association football history since World War I. Australian Football International Cup The “World Cup” of Australian rules football…in which Australia does not participate. Global Orgasm Make love, not war… all over the world! Kaspar Hauser A German youth who claimed to have grown up in the total isolation of a darkened cell, and was once thought to be linked to the princely House of Baden. Adrian Carton de Wiart Fought in two World Wars, shot repeatedly, survived a plane crash, escaped a POW camp, married a countess, and amputated his own fingers when his doctor refused. Jack Churchill A British soldier who fought through World War II armed with a bow and arrows and a claymore. Hiroo Onoda A Japanese soldier who hid out in the Philippines during World War II, refusing to surrender until 1974. Battle of Tanga A World War I battle where 8,000 British troops were defeated by a German-led force of 1,100 Askaris – aided by swarms of angry bees.

Keywords: [“world”,”people”,”list”]
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Unusual_articles

Law Fish News for 07-28-2018

Top Ten Most Cited Canadian Court Cases

Ever wonder what the top ten most cited canadian court cases are? Here is a list determined by a CanLii search. The descriptors are not necessary accurate or verified – they are words commonly used throughout the decision and pulled by a CanLii program. R. v. W.(D.), 1 S.C.R. 742 – 1991-03-28 Supreme Court of Canada – Federal recharge – jury – beyond a reasonable doubt – main charge – evidence. Baker v. Canada, 2 S.C.R. 817 – 1999-07-09 Supreme Court of Canada – Federal humanitarian – compassionate – reasonable apprehension of bias – duty of procedural fairness – children. Pushpanathan v. Canada, 1 S.C.R. 982 – 1998-06-04 Supreme Court of Canada – Federal drug trafficking – contrary to the purposes – international – principles – refugee. R. v. Collins, 1 S.C.R. 265 – 1987-04-09 Supreme Court of Canada – Federal administration of justice into disrepute – bring the administration of justice – search – heroin – admission of the evidence. Public interest – irreparable harm – tobacco products – legislation – regulations. Canada v. Southam Inc., 1 S.C.R. 748 – 1997-03-20 Supreme Court of Canada – Federal community newspapers – inter-industry competition – substantial lessening of competition – remedy – advertisers. Sentence – offender – parole – imprisonment – fixed-term sentences.

Keywords: [“Canada”,”court”,”Federal”]
Source: https://legaleaseckut.wordpress.com/2010/07/02/top-ten-most-cited…

Top Ten Most Cited Canadian Court Cases

Ever wonder what the top ten most cited canadian court cases are? Here is a list determined by a CanLii search. The descriptors are not necessary accurate or verified – they are words commonly used throughout the decision and pulled by a CanLii program. R. v. W.(D.), 1 S.C.R. 742 – 1991-03-28 Supreme Court of Canada – Federal recharge – jury – beyond a reasonable doubt – main charge – evidence. Baker v. Canada, 2 S.C.R. 817 – 1999-07-09 Supreme Court of Canada – Federal humanitarian – compassionate – reasonable apprehension of bias – duty of procedural fairness – children. Pushpanathan v. Canada, 1 S.C.R. 982 – 1998-06-04 Supreme Court of Canada – Federal drug trafficking – contrary to the purposes – international – principles – refugee. R. v. Collins, 1 S.C.R. 265 – 1987-04-09 Supreme Court of Canada – Federal administration of justice into disrepute – bring the administration of justice – search – heroin – admission of the evidence. Public interest – irreparable harm – tobacco products – legislation – regulations. Canada v. Southam Inc., 1 S.C.R. 748 – 1997-03-20 Supreme Court of Canada – Federal community newspapers – inter-industry competition – substantial lessening of competition – remedy – advertisers. Sentence – offender – parole – imprisonment – fixed-term sentences.

Keywords: [“Canada”,”court”,”Federal”]
Source: https://legaleaseckut.wordpress.com/2010/07/02/top-ten-most-cited…

Stanford Copyright and Fair Use Center

Important factors: On remand, the second factor and the fourth factor weighed in favor of fair use. Important factors: An important factor in the court’s decision was the extensive verbatim use of text from the Harry Potter books. Important factors: The Supreme Court reasoned that the “Delayed” system of viewing did not deprive the copyright owners of revenue. Important factors: The court of appeals aligned this case with Kelly v. Arriba-Soft, which also permitted thumbnails under fair use principles. Important factors: The Second Circuit Court of Appeals held that to qualify as a transformative use, Prince’s work did not have to comment on the original photographer’s work. Important factors: The Second Circuit held that if the author of the unauthorized work provides sufficient original material and is otherwise qualified under fair use rules, the resulting work will be protected under copyright. Important factors: The use was commercial, took the heart of the work, and affected the copyright owner’s ability to market the video. Important factors: Fair use is intended to permit the borrowing of portions of a work, not complete works. Important factors: The court held that the defendant was confusing “‘fairness’ and ‘fair use’-in the end, fair use is not a referendum on fairness in the abstract “. Important factors: The court characterized the pro-life videos as parodies despite the fact they did not meet the classic definition of a parody-something that humorously mimics or ridicules another’s work.

Keywords: [“factor”,”Important”,”court”]
Source: https://fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/fair-use/cases

Stanford Copyright and Fair Use Center

Important factors: On remand, the second factor and the fourth factor weighed in favor of fair use. Important factors: An important factor in the court’s decision was the extensive verbatim use of text from the Harry Potter books. Important factors: The Supreme Court reasoned that the “Delayed” system of viewing did not deprive the copyright owners of revenue. Important factors: The court of appeals aligned this case with Kelly v. Arriba-Soft, which also permitted thumbnails under fair use principles. Important factors: The Second Circuit Court of Appeals held that to qualify as a transformative use, Prince’s work did not have to comment on the original photographer’s work. Important factors: The Second Circuit held that if the author of the unauthorized work provides sufficient original material and is otherwise qualified under fair use rules, the resulting work will be protected under copyright. Important factors: The use was commercial, took the heart of the work, and affected the copyright owner’s ability to market the video. Important factors: Fair use is intended to permit the borrowing of portions of a work, not complete works. Important factors: The court held that the defendant was confusing “‘fairness’ and ‘fair use’-in the end, fair use is not a referendum on fairness in the abstract “. Important factors: The court characterized the pro-life videos as parodies despite the fact they did not meet the classic definition of a parody-something that humorously mimics or ridicules another’s work.

Keywords: [“factor”,”Important”,”court”]
Source: https://fairuse.stanford.edu/overview/fair-use/cases

Law Fish News for 07-27-2018

The law of sines, including the ambiguous case.

A : b : c = sin A : sin B : sin C. Specifically, side a is to side b as the sine of angle A is to the sine of angle B. ab = sin Asin B. Similarly,. Let us call that side x. Now, according to the Law of Sines, in every triangle with those angles, the sides are in the ratio 643 : 966 : 906. B) If side a = 5 cm, find sides b and c. In every triangle with those angles, the sides are in the ratio 500 : 940 : 985. Angle CBD is the supplement of angle ABC. So, by the sine of an obtuse angle we mean the sine of its supplement. The so-called ambiguous case arises from the fact that an acute angle and an obtuse angle have the same sine. In triangle ABC, angle A = 30°, side a = 1.5 cm, and side b = 2 cm. Let us use the law of sines to find angle B. On inspecting the Table for the angle whose sine is closest to.666, we find. So is angle CB’A, which is the supplement of angle CBA. Given two sides of a triangle a, b and the acute angle opposite one of them, say angle A, under what conditions will the triangle have two solutions, only one solution, or no solution? Finally, we will consider the case in which angle A is acute, and a > b. In this case, there is only one solution, namely, the angle B in triangle CBA. For, in triangle CAB’, the angle CAB’ is obtuse. Since a b. sin 45° = /2. Therefore, b sin A = 2/2 = , which is equal to a. There is therefore one solution: angle B is a right angle.

Keywords: [“angle”,”side”,”triangle”]
Source: http://www.themathpage.com/aTrig/law-of-sines.htm

The law of sines, including the ambiguous case.

A : b : c = sin A : sin B : sin C. Specifically, side a is to side b as the sine of angle A is to the sine of angle B. ab = sin Asin B. Similarly,. Let us call that side x. Now, according to the Law of Sines, in every triangle with those angles, the sides are in the ratio 643 : 966 : 906. B) If side a = 5 cm, find sides b and c. In every triangle with those angles, the sides are in the ratio 500 : 940 : 985. Angle CBD is the supplement of angle ABC. So, by the sine of an obtuse angle we mean the sine of its supplement. The so-called ambiguous case arises from the fact that an acute angle and an obtuse angle have the same sine. In triangle ABC, angle A = 30°, side a = 1.5 cm, and side b = 2 cm. Let us use the law of sines to find angle B. On inspecting the Table for the angle whose sine is closest to.666, we find. So is angle CB’A, which is the supplement of angle CBA. Given two sides of a triangle a, b and the acute angle opposite one of them, say angle A, under what conditions will the triangle have two solutions, only one solution, or no solution? Finally, we will consider the case in which angle A is acute, and a > b. In this case, there is only one solution, namely, the angle B in triangle CBA. For, in triangle CAB’, the angle CAB’ is obtuse. Since a b. sin 45° = /2. Therefore, b sin A = 2/2 = , which is equal to a. There is therefore one solution: angle B is a right angle.

Keywords: [“angle”,”side”,”triangle”]
Source: http://www.themathpage.com/aTrig/law-of-sines.htm

International business and legal system

While doing business in other countries, business people have to well aware of country’s culture, people’ behavior, country’s legal system, its political environment and economical conditions. The legal system of a country is significantly important to international businesses. A country’s law regulate business practices, defines business policies, rights and obligations involved in business transactions. China has Communists government where business laws are strictly controlled by government to controlled business sectors. Although different countries have different laws and regulations, knowledge of common law, civil law, contract laws, laws governing property rights, product safety and liability for a country helps business people to make business decisions. The common law system is commonly found in former Great Britain’s colonies and is based on country’s legal history, past court rulings on cases and ways in which laws are applied in specific situations. Judges in a common law system have power to interpret the law under unique circumstances for an individual case. In civil law system, laws are based on detailed set of written rules and codes. Contracts drafted under common law system are tend to be very detailed, where as contracts are much shorter and less specific in civil law system due to already drafted civil codes. Considering impact of various aspects of legal system in international business, it is very important for business people to have good understanding of legal systems of countries they do business with.

Keywords: [“law”,”country”,”business”]
Source: https://businessmanagement.wordpress.com/2007/08/17/international…

International business and legal system

While doing business in other countries, business people have to well aware of country’s culture, people’ behavior, country’s legal system, its political environment and economical conditions. The legal system of a country is significantly important to international businesses. A country’s law regulate business practices, defines business policies, rights and obligations involved in business transactions. China has Communists government where business laws are strictly controlled by government to controlled business sectors. Although different countries have different laws and regulations, knowledge of common law, civil law, contract laws, laws governing property rights, product safety and liability for a country helps business people to make business decisions. The common law system is commonly found in former Great Britain’s colonies and is based on country’s legal history, past court rulings on cases and ways in which laws are applied in specific situations. Judges in a common law system have power to interpret the law under unique circumstances for an individual case. In civil law system, laws are based on detailed set of written rules and codes. Contracts drafted under common law system are tend to be very detailed, where as contracts are much shorter and less specific in civil law system due to already drafted civil codes. Considering impact of various aspects of legal system in international business, it is very important for business people to have good understanding of legal systems of countries they do business with.

Keywords: [“law”,”country”,”business”]
Source: https://businessmanagement.wordpress.com/2007/08/17/international…

Law Fish News for 07-26-2018

The Extraordinary and Unusual Case of Linda Mantia

Linda Mantia was an employee of the Missouri Department of Transportation. Over the course of 20 years, she was present at over 1000 accident scenes, involving, as the Missouri court of appeals described it, “Catastrophic injury, dismemberment, and death.” Linda developed a major depressive disorder as a result of her experiences, which, among others, included accidentally kicking a victim’s severed head. The State of Missouri does not deny that Linda suffers from psychological disability as a result of these experiences. Instead, it has argued all the way to the Supreme Court of Missouri that Linda wasn’t the only MODOT employee at these scenes, so that the stress she encountered was neither extraordinary nor unusual, when compared to her fellow workers. A fine point, to be sure, but one on which cases like this turn, after years and years of slowly working their way through the workers’ compensation system. What is justice here? What is fair? The workers’ compensation system is designed to consider the interests of both employers and employees equally, so both sides of the story deserve their day in court. If MODOT wins, the average taxpayer will save a few pennies. If Linda wins, she’ll get some money, and maybe some treatment, but will her life be that much better, considering what she’s gone through? I hope so, but after 40 years of helping people like Linda, I’m pretty sure she’d give the money back in return for her health. To learn more about Linda’s case, you can check out Missourinet’s account here.

Keywords: [“Linda”,”Missouri”,”years”]
Source: http://kortelaw.com/the-sad-case-of-linda-mantia

The Extraordinary and Unusual Case of Linda Mantia

Linda Mantia was an employee of the Missouri Department of Transportation. Over the course of 20 years, she was present at over 1000 accident scenes, involving, as the Missouri court of appeals described it, “Catastrophic injury, dismemberment, and death.” Linda developed a major depressive disorder as a result of her experiences, which, among others, included accidentally kicking a victim’s severed head. The State of Missouri does not deny that Linda suffers from psychological disability as a result of these experiences. Instead, it has argued all the way to the Supreme Court of Missouri that Linda wasn’t the only MODOT employee at these scenes, so that the stress she encountered was neither extraordinary nor unusual, when compared to her fellow workers. A fine point, to be sure, but one on which cases like this turn, after years and years of slowly working their way through the workers’ compensation system. What is justice here? What is fair? The workers’ compensation system is designed to consider the interests of both employers and employees equally, so both sides of the story deserve their day in court. If MODOT wins, the average taxpayer will save a few pennies. If Linda wins, she’ll get some money, and maybe some treatment, but will her life be that much better, considering what she’s gone through? I hope so, but after 40 years of helping people like Linda, I’m pretty sure she’d give the money back in return for her health. To learn more about Linda’s case, you can check out Missourinet’s account here.

Keywords: [“Linda”,”Missouri”,”years”]
Source: http://kortelaw.com/the-sad-case-of-linda-mantia

Alberta Legal Information on Theft, Fraud And Possession Of Stolen Property

The difference between the two charges is in the value of the property taken and the punishment the person charged will receive if he is found guilty. In some cases involving theft from retail stores, a person may receive a letter after the fact from the store regarding possible civil legal action against her, or in other words, they might want to sue her. The offence of fraud is described as acting dishonestly with the goal of depriving any person. If the person is charged with the summary offence of fraud under $5000, he can be fined up to $2000 and sentenced to a jail term of six months or less. First, a person charged with this offence must be in possession of property that was gained by theft, fraud, or any other crime. Being in possession means that the person is able to exercise some degree of control over it, even if the original owner cannot be found or no owner can be identified. Second, the person must have known that the property was stolen or gained by fraud. If the Crown can show that it was obvious that a reasonable person would have thought the property was stolen and the accused failed to investigate whether it was stolen or not, he can be found guilty of possession of stolen property. If a person is found in possession of something that has recently been stolen, they may have to provide an explanation for why they had the object to avoid guilt. Where the act of theft and the possession of stolen goods are done at the same time, the person cannot be convicted of illegal possession of the same things they stole.

Keywords: [“person”,”offence”,”guilty”]
Source: http://www.slsedmonton.com/criminal/theft-fraud-posession

Alberta Legal Information on Theft, Fraud And Possession Of Stolen Property

The difference between the two charges is in the value of the property taken and the punishment the person charged will receive if he is found guilty. In some cases involving theft from retail stores, a person may receive a letter after the fact from the store regarding possible civil legal action against her, or in other words, they might want to sue her. The offence of fraud is described as acting dishonestly with the goal of depriving any person. If the person is charged with the summary offence of fraud under $5000, he can be fined up to $2000 and sentenced to a jail term of six months or less. First, a person charged with this offence must be in possession of property that was gained by theft, fraud, or any other crime. Being in possession means that the person is able to exercise some degree of control over it, even if the original owner cannot be found or no owner can be identified. Second, the person must have known that the property was stolen or gained by fraud. If the Crown can show that it was obvious that a reasonable person would have thought the property was stolen and the accused failed to investigate whether it was stolen or not, he can be found guilty of possession of stolen property. If a person is found in possession of something that has recently been stolen, they may have to provide an explanation for why they had the object to avoid guilt. Where the act of theft and the possession of stolen goods are done at the same time, the person cannot be convicted of illegal possession of the same things they stole.

Keywords: [“person”,”offence”,”guilty”]
Source: http://www.slsedmonton.com/criminal/theft-fraud-posession

Law Fish News for 07-25-2018

Tips for Handling a Family Court Case

Beware Family Court:What Victims and Advocates Should Know Part 3 – Tips for Handling a Family Court Case The following section is not meant to be a guide for handling the specifics of your family court case. Rather it’s a general set of tips for domestic violence victims and advocates for dealing with family court, in particular, on issues of restraining orders, custody decisions, and visitation orders. Consider these limitations carefully before you decide to open a family court case. For more specific tips on applying for a domestic violence restraining order in family court, see #13 at the end of this section. In addition to being bound by the same limitations of family law as the court, family law attorneys are also notorious for ignoring the significance of family violence, and for disregarding or minimizing the violence in their handling of family law cases. Strong criminal case documents against the abuser will help you in family court more than anything else. Before each family court hearing, inform yourself as much as possible as to the purpose of the hearing, and the specific question before the court. If you don’t understand what’s going to happen at the next court date, you need to call a victim advocate or the family court office to answer your questions. Because putting criminal justice system documentation of your abuser’s violence and criminality in front of the family court is the key to your success in family court. If at all possible, go together with your friend to the court, rather than meeting up with her at the court.

Keywords: [“Court”,”abuser”,”Family”]
Source: http://justicewomen.com/help_family_law_3.html

Tips for Handling a Family Court Case

Beware Family Court:What Victims and Advocates Should Know Part 3 – Tips for Handling a Family Court Case The following section is not meant to be a guide for handling the specifics of your family court case. Rather it’s a general set of tips for domestic violence victims and advocates for dealing with family court, in particular, on issues of restraining orders, custody decisions, and visitation orders. Consider these limitations carefully before you decide to open a family court case. For more specific tips on applying for a domestic violence restraining order in family court, see #13 at the end of this section. In addition to being bound by the same limitations of family law as the court, family law attorneys are also notorious for ignoring the significance of family violence, and for disregarding or minimizing the violence in their handling of family law cases. Strong criminal case documents against the abuser will help you in family court more than anything else. Before each family court hearing, inform yourself as much as possible as to the purpose of the hearing, and the specific question before the court. If you don’t understand what’s going to happen at the next court date, you need to call a victim advocate or the family court office to answer your questions. Because putting criminal justice system documentation of your abuser’s violence and criminality in front of the family court is the key to your success in family court. If at all possible, go together with your friend to the court, rather than meeting up with her at the court.

Keywords: [“Court”,”abuser”,”Family”]
Source: http://justicewomen.com/help_family_law_3.html

Is Teresa Lewis an unusual death row case?

With Lewis’s IQ measured at just 72, both her current legal team and death penalty opponents have suggested it is wrong to execute her and wrong to think she is likely to have been the driving force behind a plot. Women are not often executed in the US. The statistics are striking, notes Victor Streib, professor of law at Ohio Northern University and a student of female death penalty cases for 30 years. From 1 January 1973 to 30 June 2009, 8,118 people were sentenced to death in the US. Only 165 of those were women, 2% of the total. “The death penalty for women is extremely rare,” says Prof Streib. “People’s bias is that women are more sympathetic. If you look at death row cases, the overwhelming majority are men. Every time there is an upcoming execution of a woman, it makes more news.” As a piece in Slate suggests, citing a study on gender discrimination, there could still be a form of anti-female bias, with women receiving death sentences for categories of murders that men would not. To these critics, women are sentenced to death for domestic murders as their crime is seen as egregious because of the contradiction of the stereotypes of female nurturing. This might help explain how someone like Lewis could be sentenced to death. In the same year in the US, the execution of Barbara Graham was also very high profile, with the movie I Want to Live throwing a spotlight on the death penalty. For some opponents of the death penalty, the mere fact of Lewis being a woman is not the main issue.

Keywords: [“death”,”Women”,”penalty”]
Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-11386347

Is Teresa Lewis an unusual death row case?

With Lewis’s IQ measured at just 72, both her current legal team and death penalty opponents have suggested it is wrong to execute her and wrong to think she is likely to have been the driving force behind a plot. Women are not often executed in the US. The statistics are striking, notes Victor Streib, professor of law at Ohio Northern University and a student of female death penalty cases for 30 years. From 1 January 1973 to 30 June 2009, 8,118 people were sentenced to death in the US. Only 165 of those were women, 2% of the total. “The death penalty for women is extremely rare,” says Prof Streib. “People’s bias is that women are more sympathetic. If you look at death row cases, the overwhelming majority are men. Every time there is an upcoming execution of a woman, it makes more news.” As a piece in Slate suggests, citing a study on gender discrimination, there could still be a form of anti-female bias, with women receiving death sentences for categories of murders that men would not. To these critics, women are sentenced to death for domestic murders as their crime is seen as egregious because of the contradiction of the stereotypes of female nurturing. This might help explain how someone like Lewis could be sentenced to death. In the same year in the US, the execution of Barbara Graham was also very high profile, with the movie I Want to Live throwing a spotlight on the death penalty. For some opponents of the death penalty, the mere fact of Lewis being a woman is not the main issue.

Keywords: [“death”,”Women”,”penalty”]
Source: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-11386347

Law Fish News for 07-24-2018

Supreme Court upholds long sentences under 3-strikes-you’re-out law

WASHINGTON – A sharply divided Supreme Court upheld long prison sentences given to two men whose theft of golf clubs and videotapes placed them under California’s controversial “Three strikes you’re out” law. Justices ruled on two separate cases involving California’s then-novel 1994 law, which provides for mandatory prison terms of 25 years to life for career criminals convicted for the third time of a felony. Because of a legal twist, the law can result in offenders with prior criminal records being put behind bars for life for non-felony offenses such as petty theft and shoplifting. The state supreme court had rejected Ewing’s appeal of his sentence. O’Connor admitted Ewing’s “Sentence is long, but so is his criminal history.” “Length of sentences that other jurisdictions would impose in similar circumstances.” In an indication of the ideological divide between the justices, Breyer read his dissent from the bench, a rare move usually reserved for only the most contentious cases. The justices reversed a federal appeals court which found the sentence “Grossly disproportionate,” violating the Eighth Amendment’s ban against cruel and unusual punishment. The federal government and 26 states have a three strikes-type law, imposing as much as a life prison term for criminals convicted of a third felony. California’s law requires prisoners to serve their full sentences before applying for parole. The Supreme Court in the 1980s split on the issue of life sentences for minor, non-violent felonies, in cases in Texas and South Dakota.

Keywords: [“sentence”,”law”,”case”]
Source: http://www.cnn.com/2003/LAW/03/05/scotus.three.strikes

Supreme Court upholds long sentences under 3-strikes-you’re-out law

WASHINGTON – A sharply divided Supreme Court upheld long prison sentences given to two men whose theft of golf clubs and videotapes placed them under California’s controversial “Three strikes you’re out” law. Justices ruled on two separate cases involving California’s then-novel 1994 law, which provides for mandatory prison terms of 25 years to life for career criminals convicted for the third time of a felony. Because of a legal twist, the law can result in offenders with prior criminal records being put behind bars for life for non-felony offenses such as petty theft and shoplifting. The state supreme court had rejected Ewing’s appeal of his sentence. O’Connor admitted Ewing’s “Sentence is long, but so is his criminal history.” “Length of sentences that other jurisdictions would impose in similar circumstances.” In an indication of the ideological divide between the justices, Breyer read his dissent from the bench, a rare move usually reserved for only the most contentious cases. The justices reversed a federal appeals court which found the sentence “Grossly disproportionate,” violating the Eighth Amendment’s ban against cruel and unusual punishment. The federal government and 26 states have a three strikes-type law, imposing as much as a life prison term for criminals convicted of a third felony. California’s law requires prisoners to serve their full sentences before applying for parole. The Supreme Court in the 1980s split on the issue of life sentences for minor, non-violent felonies, in cases in Texas and South Dakota.

Keywords: [“sentence”,”law”,”case”]
Source: http://www.cnn.com/2003/LAW/03/05/scotus.three.strikes

Case law legal definition of case law

Legal principles enunciated and embodied in judicial decisions that are derived from the application of particular areas of law to the facts of individual cases. As opposed to statutes-legislative acts that proscribe certain conduct by demanding or prohibiting something or that declare the legality of particular acts-case law is a dynamic and constantly developing body of law. Since the U.S. legal system has a common-law system, higher court decisions are binding on lower courts in cases with similar facts that raise similar issues. The concept of precedent, or Stare Decisis, means to follow or adhere to previously decided cases in judging the case at bar. It means that appellate case law should be considered as binding upon lower courts. n. reported decisions of appeals courts and other courts which make new interpretations of the law and can be cited as precedents. These interpretations are distinguished from “Statutory law” which is the statutes and codes enacted by legislative bodies, “Regulatory law” which is regulations required by agencies based on statutes, and in some states, the Common Law, which is the generally accepted law carried down from England. The rulings in trials and hearings which are not appealed and not reported are not case law and not precedent or new interpretations. Law students principally study case law to understand the application of law to facts and learn the courts’ subsequent interpretations of statutes. Case law law established by following judicial decisions given in earlier cases.

Keywords: [“law”,”case”,”court”]
Source: http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Case+Law

Case law legal definition of case law

Legal principles enunciated and embodied in judicial decisions that are derived from the application of particular areas of law to the facts of individual cases. As opposed to statutes-legislative acts that proscribe certain conduct by demanding or prohibiting something or that declare the legality of particular acts-case law is a dynamic and constantly developing body of law. Since the U.S. legal system has a common-law system, higher court decisions are binding on lower courts in cases with similar facts that raise similar issues. The concept of precedent, or Stare Decisis, means to follow or adhere to previously decided cases in judging the case at bar. It means that appellate case law should be considered as binding upon lower courts. n. reported decisions of appeals courts and other courts which make new interpretations of the law and can be cited as precedents. These interpretations are distinguished from “Statutory law” which is the statutes and codes enacted by legislative bodies, “Regulatory law” which is regulations required by agencies based on statutes, and in some states, the Common Law, which is the generally accepted law carried down from England. The rulings in trials and hearings which are not appealed and not reported are not case law and not precedent or new interpretations. Law students principally study case law to understand the application of law to facts and learn the courts’ subsequent interpretations of statutes. Case law law established by following judicial decisions given in earlier cases.

Keywords: [“law”,”case”,”court”]
Source: http://legal-dictionary.thefreedictionary.com/Case+Law

Law Fish News for 07-23-2018

Juvenile Criminal Case Process

Mr. Kita successfully filed a writ of habeus corpus on this issue and the Second District California Court of Appeals agreed with Mr. Kita and ordered a juvenile court judge to release a minor on a overdetained case even though the charge was quite serious -. At the detention hearing the juvenile referee or juvenile judge will make a determination on whether to continue to detain your child pending adjudication of the charges. The juvenile referee or juvenile judge will have input from the juvenile probation department, as well as from the juvenile deputy district attorney and juvenile defense attorney. JUVENILE PRETRIAL DATE. The pretrial date is set up so the attorneys of both parties can discuss a possible resolution to the case and to discuss other outstanding discovery issues. JUVENILE COURT TRIAL / JUVENILE COURT ADJUDICATION. When a juvenile judge sets the case for “Adjudication,” he or she is setting it for a trial. Therefore it is very important that you have a lawyer that is familiar with the juvenile court proceedings and the juvenile court judges. Only an experienced juvenile attorney will know which juvenile judges or juvenile commissioners are fair. GETTING AN EXPERIENCED JUVENILE DEFENSE LAWYER. Unfortunately, many criminal defense lawyers do not have requisite experience to handle a juvenile case in juvenile court. The proceedings in juvenile court are far different than in juvenile court. Getting the lowest bidder for a juvenile case usually gets you an inexperienced and incompetent lawyer.

Keywords: [“juvenile”,”child”,”Court”]
Source: http://www.topjuveniledefender.com/juvenile_law_process.html

Juvenile Criminal Case Process

Mr. Kita successfully filed a writ of habeus corpus on this issue and the Second District California Court of Appeals agreed with Mr. Kita and ordered a juvenile court judge to release a minor on a overdetained case even though the charge was quite serious -. At the detention hearing the juvenile referee or juvenile judge will make a determination on whether to continue to detain your child pending adjudication of the charges. The juvenile referee or juvenile judge will have input from the juvenile probation department, as well as from the juvenile deputy district attorney and juvenile defense attorney. JUVENILE PRETRIAL DATE. The pretrial date is set up so the attorneys of both parties can discuss a possible resolution to the case and to discuss other outstanding discovery issues. JUVENILE COURT TRIAL / JUVENILE COURT ADJUDICATION. When a juvenile judge sets the case for “Adjudication,” he or she is setting it for a trial. Therefore it is very important that you have a lawyer that is familiar with the juvenile court proceedings and the juvenile court judges. Only an experienced juvenile attorney will know which juvenile judges or juvenile commissioners are fair. GETTING AN EXPERIENCED JUVENILE DEFENSE LAWYER. Unfortunately, many criminal defense lawyers do not have requisite experience to handle a juvenile case in juvenile court. The proceedings in juvenile court are far different than in juvenile court. Getting the lowest bidder for a juvenile case usually gets you an inexperienced and incompetent lawyer.

Keywords: [“juvenile”,”child”,”Court”]
Source: http://www.topjuveniledefender.com/juvenile_law_process.html

A UNC School of Government BlogNorth Carolina Criminal Law

Jonathan knows the field, having worked as a prosecutor for nearly 10 years, first in state court with the Wake County District Attorney’s Office, and then in federal court with the U.S. Attorney’s Office. I am truly honored to join the staff here at the School of Government, and excited to have this opportunity to help set the course for the new position of Prosecutor Educator. Over time, my role here will likely expand to include more training and advising, similar to the great work Phil Dixon currently does with defense attorneys in his capacity as the Defender Educator. My primary focus is on a large project related to the Prosecutors’ Trial Manual, which has not been updated since 2012. The manual is one of many works written and maintained by long-time faculty member Bob Farb, who retired from the School of Government last year. Rather than simply update and re-publish the existing manual, the School of Government is converting that material into a robust and searchable online knowledge base of North Carolina criminal procedure. This new resource will preserve the rich content and extensive research from the current manual, but in a format that is much easier to update, search, and navigate. One of the benefits of engaging in this top-to-bottom revision of the old manual has been learning and re-learning all the nuts and bolts – and hidden gems – of North Carolina criminal procedure. The rest of this post focuses on an interesting topic that recently caught my eye, and which I think might be surprising to some readers as well.

Keywords: [“Manual”,”Government”,”attorneys”]
Source: https://nccriminallaw.sog.unc.edu

A UNC School of Government BlogNorth Carolina Criminal Law

Jonathan knows the field, having worked as a prosecutor for nearly 10 years, first in state court with the Wake County District Attorney’s Office, and then in federal court with the U.S. Attorney’s Office. I am truly honored to join the staff here at the School of Government, and excited to have this opportunity to help set the course for the new position of Prosecutor Educator. Over time, my role here will likely expand to include more training and advising, similar to the great work Phil Dixon currently does with defense attorneys in his capacity as the Defender Educator. My primary focus is on a large project related to the Prosecutors’ Trial Manual, which has not been updated since 2012. The manual is one of many works written and maintained by long-time faculty member Bob Farb, who retired from the School of Government last year. Rather than simply update and re-publish the existing manual, the School of Government is converting that material into a robust and searchable online knowledge base of North Carolina criminal procedure. This new resource will preserve the rich content and extensive research from the current manual, but in a format that is much easier to update, search, and navigate. One of the benefits of engaging in this top-to-bottom revision of the old manual has been learning and re-learning all the nuts and bolts – and hidden gems – of North Carolina criminal procedure. The rest of this post focuses on an interesting topic that recently caught my eye, and which I think might be surprising to some readers as well.

Keywords: [“Manual”,”Government”,”attorneys”]
Source: https://nccriminallaw.sog.unc.edu

Law Fish News for 07-22-2018

Law Firm Case Management Software

Zola has comprehensive financial and productivity reports to keep you on top of the critical metrics for your firm. Task Management Zola Suite’s Task Management system saves time, encourages accountability and reduces the margin of error. Create Task Templates for pre-defined case workflows, recurring tasks and use Zola’s integrated email client to convert incoming emails into tasks. Document Automation Zola Suite’s Case Management includes a form builder is designed to create document templates using Word™ by taking the information you have already entered in Zola Suite to generate documents with one click. Document Management Powerful document management is critical to case management. Zola Suite’s Document Management system is feature rich with automatic versioning, comments, fie locking, tagging and folder hierarchies. Calendar Zola’s matter-centric calendar keeps everyone in your firm on the same page with color-coded, customized categories, real ICS invites, time keeping, autocomplete addresses, reminders and more. Matter Management Zola Suite is designed to handle every aspect of your business and practice from client intake to timekeeping and legal accounting, all through an intuitive, easy to use interface. Notes Organizer Zola’s notes have rich formatting capabilities, are fully searchable using Zola’s universal search feature and can be organized within matters in folders and sub-folders. Reports and Analytics Zola’s built-in business and trust accounting, timekeeping and matter management provides access to comprehensive reports and key metrics.

Keywords: [“Zola”,”Management”,”Document”]
Source: https://zolasuite.com/law-firm-case-management-features

Law Firm Case Management Software

Zola has comprehensive financial and productivity reports to keep you on top of the critical metrics for your firm. Task Management Zola Suite’s Task Management system saves time, encourages accountability and reduces the margin of error. Create Task Templates for pre-defined case workflows, recurring tasks and use Zola’s integrated email client to convert incoming emails into tasks. Document Automation Zola Suite’s Case Management includes a form builder is designed to create document templates using Word™ by taking the information you have already entered in Zola Suite to generate documents with one click. Document Management Powerful document management is critical to case management. Zola Suite’s Document Management system is feature rich with automatic versioning, comments, fie locking, tagging and folder hierarchies. Calendar Zola’s matter-centric calendar keeps everyone in your firm on the same page with color-coded, customized categories, real ICS invites, time keeping, autocomplete addresses, reminders and more. Matter Management Zola Suite is designed to handle every aspect of your business and practice from client intake to timekeeping and legal accounting, all through an intuitive, easy to use interface. Notes Organizer Zola’s notes have rich formatting capabilities, are fully searchable using Zola’s universal search feature and can be organized within matters in folders and sub-folders. Reports and Analytics Zola’s built-in business and trust accounting, timekeeping and matter management provides access to comprehensive reports and key metrics.

Keywords: [“Zola”,”Management”,”Document”]
Source: https://zolasuite.com/law-firm-case-management-features

Compare Top Family Attorneys in North Carolina

Family law generally concerns domestic relations and family-related matters such as marriage, civil unions, domestic partnerships, adoptions, paternity, guardianships, domestic abuse, surrogacy, child custody, child abduction, the dissolution of marriage and associated issues. Each state has its own set of family laws, and traveling across state borders can sometimes affect your rights and those of your family. Contrary to popular belief, seeking the advice of a family law attorney does not necessarily mean that something is amiss in your family. A family law attorney can help negotiate prenuptial/premarital agreements for clients in anticipation of marriage or advise same-sex couples on relevant legal issues affecting their relationship. They also can help with adoption proceedings and other procedures involving children. Family law attorneys often do represent clients seeking a divorce, annulment or legal separation, and the complicated issues that can arise as a result. Although domestic abuse is a criminal offense, some family law attorneys are skilled at handling these situations, as they are often entangled with other family law issues. Some jurisdictions certify lawyers as family law specialists, which means these attorneys have met the certifying body’s minimum requirements for education, experience, and examination. No-Fault Proceeding: A civil case in which parties may resolve their dispute without a formal finding of error or fault. Paternity Suit: A lawsuit to determine the father of a child whose parents were not married when the child was born.

Keywords: [“Family”,”law”,”attorney”]
Source: https://www.justia.com/lawyers/family-law/north-carolina

Compare Top Family Attorneys in North Carolina

Family law generally concerns domestic relations and family-related matters such as marriage, civil unions, domestic partnerships, adoptions, paternity, guardianships, domestic abuse, surrogacy, child custody, child abduction, the dissolution of marriage and associated issues. Each state has its own set of family laws, and traveling across state borders can sometimes affect your rights and those of your family. Contrary to popular belief, seeking the advice of a family law attorney does not necessarily mean that something is amiss in your family. A family law attorney can help negotiate prenuptial/premarital agreements for clients in anticipation of marriage or advise same-sex couples on relevant legal issues affecting their relationship. They also can help with adoption proceedings and other procedures involving children. Family law attorneys often do represent clients seeking a divorce, annulment or legal separation, and the complicated issues that can arise as a result. Although domestic abuse is a criminal offense, some family law attorneys are skilled at handling these situations, as they are often entangled with other family law issues. Some jurisdictions certify lawyers as family law specialists, which means these attorneys have met the certifying body’s minimum requirements for education, experience, and examination. No-Fault Proceeding: A civil case in which parties may resolve their dispute without a formal finding of error or fault. Paternity Suit: A lawsuit to determine the father of a child whose parents were not married when the child was born.

Keywords: [“Family”,”law”,”attorney”]
Source: https://www.justia.com/lawyers/family-law/north-carolina