Boise can’t ban homeless sleeping in public, court rules
Cities can’t prosecute people for sleeping on the streets if they have nowhere else to go because it amounts to cruel and unusual punishment, which is unconstitutional, a federal appeals court said Tuesday. The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals sided with six homeless people from Boise, who sued the city in 2009 over a local ordinance that banned sleeping in public spaces. When the Boise lawsuit was filed, attorneys for the homeless residents said as many as 4,500 people didn’t have a place to sleep in Idaho’s capital city and homeless shelters only had about 700 available beds or mats. The case bounced back and forth in the courts for years, and Boise modified its rules in 2014 to say homeless people couldn’t be prosecuted for sleeping outside when shelters were full.
That didn’t solve the problem, the attorneys said, because Boise’s shelters limit the number of days that homeless residents can stay. Two of the city’s three shelters also require some form of religious participation for some programs, making those shelters unsuitable for people with different beliefs, the homeless residents said. The three-judge panel for the 9th Circuit found that the shelter rules meant homeless people would still be at risk of prosecution even on days when beds were open. The biggest issue was that the city’s rule violated the U.S. Constitution’s Eighth Amendment against cruel and unusual punishment, the court found.
Boise spokesman Mike Journee said city attorneys were considering their next steps, which could include asking the full 9th Circuit to reconsider the ruling or appealing to the U.S. Supreme Court. City officials also believe the ruling validates the approach Boise officers have taken since 2014 – not ticketing homeless people when shelters are full, he said. In 2007, the 9th Circuit ruled in favor of homeless residents of Los Angeles, finding that as long as there are more homeless residents than there are shelter beds, a law outlawing sleeping outside was unconstitutional. Sara Rankin, a professor at the Seattle University School of Law and director of its Homeless Rights Advocacy Project, said the ruling will serve as a wake-up call to local governments, forcing them to invest in adequate supportive housing for the chronically homeless.
(PDF) Severe and Unusual domestic Violence; A Case Report and Review of Literature
Violence against women is one of the most prevalent human rights abuses in the world which harms families and communities. Violence against women aects their quality of life, autonomy, productivity, physical and mental well-being. Health Organization indicated that worldwide domestic violence against women was ranged 15% in Japan to the highest. Domestic violence is common in both urban and rural families and about 81% of women believed that. Mentioned that there is a high prevalence of domestic violence in.
Women suer physical, emotional, sexual and economic violence by their husbands and. In this case report study, we aim to demonstrate a case of sever domestic. Violence from rural area and ethnic family from Middle East countries suering severe injuries. Violence against women is one of the most systematic and prevalent human rights abuses in the world. Here, we aim to demonstrate a.
case of sever domestic violence from rural area suering severe injuries. A 24 years old woman that has been under the violence of her. A 24 years old woman referred to Legal Medicine Organization of Fars province for compliance about domestic violence.
An unusual case of suicide by handcrafted shotgun and slug
To view the full text, please login as a subscribed user or purchase a subscription. Injuries by handcrafted firearms are uncommon, and those by handcrafted shotguns are very rare. We present an unusual case of suicide using a handcrafted shotgun and slug. A 73-year-old male, who was a glass-grinding artisan, was found dead at a workshop on the premises of his residence. Autopsy showed a contact shotgun wound to the forehead, which perforated the cranium and caused extensive damage to the brain.
The handcrafted shotgun was found in the proximity of the body. The shotgun consisted of metal pipes fixed to the vise and did not take the form of a conventional gun. The recovered slug was also found to be manufactured manually. It appeared that the handcrafted shotgun was only intended for committing suicide using his ballistics knowledge, skills, and resources.
Simon Property Group in unusual legal move against Starbucks |Chain Store Age
REAL ESTATE Get all the latest industry news in your inbox. The nation’s largest shopping center operator is suing Starbucks Corp. over its plan to shutter the retailer’s 78 Teavana stores in Simon malls. Simon is seeking temporary and permanent injunctions preventing Starbucks from closing the stores, the report said. The coffee giant announced in July that it planned to shutter all of its 379 Teavana stores during the next 12 months amid declining mall traffic.
Similar to other mall operators, Simon has experienced its fair share of store closings in recent years. Teavana is not losing money, Simon claims in its suit. Rather, it is not growing fast enough to fit into Starbucks’ business strategy.